Consulting

We are interested in solving problems and like to encourage you to contact us to discuss your needs. We might have the solutions for the following

Flue Gas Clean-Up

Current technology requires three separate units to remove sulfur oxides, nitrogen oxides and carbon dioxide. Each of these units takes huge space to build, requires extra capitals to operate, and generates wasteful byproducts.
We invented an algae cultivation system, which can replace all three units of current system to simultaneously remove all three pollutants. The system will reduce the costs to clean up the flue gases and save money for the power plants and ratepayers,  at the same time, protect the environment. Please contact us for more information.

Microalgae Harvesting

Traditionally, centrifugation is the method to harvest microalgae. It is not hard to understand it is not an applicable method for large scale operation. Recently, the membrane based methods become alternatives to the centrifugation.
We have invented a new way to use the membrane in microalgae harvesting. Our new invention will cut down the harvesting cost further without adverse effects on the productivity and make it an ideal method for large scale algae cultivation projects. It is also a tool to solve nutrification  problems in lakes and rivers. Please contact us for more information.

Manufacturing Graphene Sheets

An innovative practical method to produce graphene sheets for the first time in the world is designed. The process requires neither dangerous conditions nor toxic chemicals and is achievable by modern technology. The design of the method is guided by the “compress – excite” theory.

The basics of “compress-excite” theory

Chemical reactions are defined as molecular bond formation or dissociation between atoms.

The formation of a molecular bond depends on the distance between two atoms, and the availability of electrons in the molecular orbitals. The atoms have to be close enough to allow molecular orbitals to form. The electrons will need to be energized to move into the molecular orbitals.

The dissociation of a molecular bond starts from the removal of electrons from the molecular orbitals and develops into the disband the bond between two atoms. The electrons will need to be energized to move out of molecular orbitals.

The energy required to move electrons between orbitals determines the equilibrium of the chemical reaction

The energy barrier of a chemical reaction is the energy required to reduce the distance between the two reactant atoms

Design of the new innovative practical method

Graphene consists of a single layer of carbon atoms bonded by sigma bonds between sp2 hybridization orbitals and a single pi bond among 2p orbitals of all carbon atoms in the system. Traditional high pressures and high temperatures proved to work in small scales and produced graphene flakes.

The starting material to make large sheets of graphene has to be extreme thin graphite sheets. Physical pressures are applied to the sheet to compress it in order to reduce the distance between carbon atoms. At the same time, the energy to excite electrons is provided by the electromagnetic radiation at defined wavelengths. The working principle is that the electromagnetic radiation at the right wavelength creates a state where electrons of carbon atoms are ready to be excited to move into the defined molecular orbitals as soon as the molecular orbitals are available, and the defined molecular orbitals are formed between atoms when high pressures force carbon atoms move closer to each other.